Here’s a really clear, short and applicable summary of the key areas of cognitive science which can be applied to the classroom:
The summary looks at six questions about learning, giving a quick summary of the science and some ideas about how they might apply in schools and classrooms. It effectively summarises a great deal of things I’ve written about over the last couple of years in six pages! Here are some links for further reading for some of the key points of the summary:
- Getting students to think about meaning and giving them sufficient practice through things like low-stakes quizzing
- Automating the recall of key knowledge to reduce the load on working memory and giving specific feedback related to improvement
- Ensuring background knowledge is sufficient and secure, and focusing students on the deep structure of similar problems
- Beliefs about intelligence, the care with which we must use praise or rewards, improving student judgements of learning, and reassurance about belonging
- Students don’t have learning styles, popular neuromyths like left/right brained learners, there aren’t ‘stages’ of development, there are differences between novices and experts, and other misconceptions and pseudoscientific ideas surrounding learning
I’m looking forward to seeing future work by Deans for Impact – and I’ll be keeping an eye on their blog for more excellent resources!